# Cole Beck's Baseball data set problem

The goal of this problem was to 'reshape' the original data set (`bos_pit.csv`) to the desired data set.

The following is a possible solution.

```x <- read.table("bos_pit.csv", header = TRUE, sep = ",",
as.is = TRUE, row.names = 1)
# Each row represents a game between BOSTON and
#    some other team

# (1) Add some columns to x that will be needed when
#    we "reshape" x from wide to long
x <- upData(x,
# Whether or not BOSTON won the game
won = ifelse(v_score > h_score, v_team, h_team),
# Boston's starting pitcher (regardless of whether BOSTON was
#      the home of visiting team)
bstp = ifelse(v_team == "BOS", v_sp_name,
ifelse(h_team == "BOS", h_sp_name, NA)),
# Boston's winning pitcher (regardless of whether BOSTON was
#      the home of visiting team)
bwp = ifelse(won == "BOS", winning_name, NA),
# Boston's saving pitcher (regardless of whether BOSTON was
#      the home of visiting team)
bsvp = ifelse(won == "BOS" & saving_name != "(none)",
saving_name, NA),
# Whether the starting pitcher "won"
bstpwon = ifelse(bstp == bwp, bstp, NA)
)

# (2) "Reshape" x from wide to long
longx <- with(x, data.frame(pitcher = c(bstp, bwp, bsvp, bstpwon)))
longx\$outcome <- factor(c(rep("started", nrow(x)),
rep("won", nrow(x)), rep("saved", nrow(x)),
rep("won_as_stp", nrow(x))))

# (3) Remove any missing pitcher values
longx <- subset(longx, !is.na(pitcher))

# (4) Calculate the number of starts, saves, wins, and wins as
#    starting pitcher for each pitcher
newx <- with(longx, aggregate(x = outcome,
by = list(pitcher, outcome), FUN = length))

# (5) Reshape newx so each level of outcome is its own column
wide.newx <- reshape(newx, direction = "wide",
v.names = "x", timevar = "Group.2", idvar = "Group.1")
# Rename the columns
names(wide.newx) <- Cs(pitcher, saves, starts, wins, wins_as_stp)

# (6) Make some changes wide.newx
wide.newx <- upData(wide.newx,
# Replace all missing values with 0
starts = ifelse(is.na(starts), 0, starts),
wins_as_stp = ifelse(is.na(wins_as_stp), 0, wins_as_stp),
wins = ifelse(is.na(wins), 0, wins),
saves = ifelse(is.na(saves), 0, saves),
# Add a "win_per" column = wins_as_stp/starts
#   --> replace any win_per values of NaN with 0
win_per = ifelse(wins_as_stp !=0 & starts != 0, wins_as_stp/starts,
0))
# Change the order of the columns
wide.newx <- wide.newx[, Cs(pitcher, starts, wins_as_stp,
win_per, wins, saves)]

# (7) Sort wide.newx by pitcher's last name but keep
#    pitcher column as "firstname lastname"
last_name_order <- order(with(wide.newx,
mapply(FUN = function(i) unlist(strsplit(i, " "))[2],
as.character(pitcher))))
finalx <- wide.newx[last_name_order,]
```

This topic: Main > WebHome > Seminars > RClinic > BaseballDataManip
Topic revision: 27 Nov 2006, TheresaScott

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